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NUR 505: Nursing Research Course Guide

Introduction

This page presents an overview of the resources and services currently available to students. Services, resources, and locations are all subject to change, particularly during academic year breaks. What's new at Fogler library.

General Tips on Library Use

Nursing Databases

Search the databases listed below from Indexes and Databases (Fogler Library) or the Systemwide list of indexes and databases to find citations or references to journal articles. For additional databases available from Fogler Library, see the list available from the nursing portal. Databases are designed for use worldwide, so they refer to items the UMS libraries don't own.

Selected databases for nursing available from Fogler Library
Database Subjects covered Materials covered Notes
CINAHL
CINAHL database guide
Nursing, allied health Journal articles, dissertations, software, etc.
1981+
Includes non-English publications
Cochrane Collection Plus Diseases, conditions, treatments, interventions Full text systematic reviews, clinical trials, technology assessments  
MEDLINE
MEDLINE database guide
Medicine, related health sciences Journal articles.
1946+
Includes non-English publications. Includes references on animal research.
PubMed Medicine, related health sciences Journal articles.
1946+
More current and comprehensive than MEDLINE. Includes non-English publications. Includes references on animal research.
PsycINFO
PsycINFO database guide
Psychology, psychiatry, educational psychology Journal articles, book chapters.
1800s+
Includes non-English publications. Includes references on animal research.

Searching Databases

See the database guides for CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO for detailed instructions.

Search steps
Note: Use "Advanced Search" to get the best results from the databases.
  1. Document your research process--list the databases you used, the search terms you tried, etc.
  2. Define your topic and parameters.
  3. Identify individual concepts within your topic.
  4. Search for each concept separately. Use subject headings or terms from the thesaurus whenever possible.
  5. Combine the concepts.
  6. Apply limits to the results.
Use subject headings or terms from the thesaurus
  • Use the "suggest subject terms", "thesaurus", or "MeSH" option.
  • Each database uses its own thesaurus, which is updated annually. Example: MEDLINE and PubMed's "MeSH [Medical Subject Headings] trees.
  • Use "Explode" to select a subject heading plus more specific related terms
    • In CINAHL and MEDLINE, exploding retrieves all more specific related terms
    • In PubMed subject headings are automatically exploded unless you specify otherwise
    • In PsycINFO only partial explodes are possible. (Example: exploding Pain retrieves Neuralgia but not the even more specific Trigeminal Neuralgia.)
  • Some topics are best searched by using a subject heading with a CINAHL subheading or MeSH subheading attached. Example: Otitis Media/ET (etiology of otitis media).
  • You can attach multiple subheadings to a subject heading. Example: Otitis Media/DT/SU (drug therapy or surgery for otitis media).
  • For CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PubMed, use the "Major" option within the thesaurus to focus your search--but only if needed.
No thesaurus or subject headings?
  • Try alternative terminology: vaccination as well as immunization
  • Try alternative spelling: immunisation as well as immunization
  • Truncate (use a wildcard) to get variations on a word: vaccinat* to find vaccinating, vaccination, vaccinations... Truncate carefully!
Combining concepts
Combine subject headings, sets, or search ID #s using ANDs
Socialization and Students, Nursing
s1 and s2
  AND narrows a search, 
      finding only results containing both terms.
and ORs.
Students, Nursing or Education, Nursing
s1 or s2
  OR expands a search, finding 
      results containing either or both terms.
Applying limits
  • Apply limits as needed
  • Common limits:
    • year of publication
    • language (or "English-only")
    • age groups
    • gender
    • human (primarily in MEDLINE, PubMed and PsycINFO)
  • CINAHL and PsycINFO include a "peer reviewed" limit

Evidence Based Literature Searching

Selected strategies for finding evidence based literature in CINAHL, MEDLINE/PubMed, and PsycINFO, Fogler Library
Search Target CINAHL MEDLINE/PubMed PsycINFO
Meta-Analysis or Systematic Review

These approaches can be used to find literature on diagnosis, therapy, etc. as well.

Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Review
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Publication Type:
    • Care Plan
    • Critical Path
    • Nursing Interventions
    • Practice Guidelines
    • Protocol
    • Standards
    • Systematic Review

MEDLINE Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Reviews
  • EBM Reviews

MEDLINE/PubMed Limits:

  • Publication Type:
    • Consensus Development Conference [both types]
    • Guideline
    • Meta-Analysis
    • Practice Guideline
    • Review
  • [Subject] Subset: Systematic Reviews

PubMed Clinical Queries: Systematic Reviews

Limits: Methodology:

  • Literature Review
  • Meta Analysis
  • Systematic Review
Diagnosis

Limits: Publication Type:

  • Nursing Diagnoses
  • Practice Guidelines

Subheadings:

  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Use
  • Pathology
  • Radiography
  • Ultrasonography

Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Diagnosis
  • Publication Type:
    • Evaluation Studies
    • Multicenter Study
    • Practice Guideline
    • Validation Studies

Subheadings:

  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Use
  • Pathology
  • Radiography
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Ultrasonography

Search for 22* in the CC Classification field (general category covering tests and testing). Combine the results with your topic using AND.

Etiology or Causation

Limits: Clinical Queries: Causation (Etiology)

Subheadings:

  • Chemically Induced
  • Complications
  • Embryology
  • Epidemiology
  • Etiology
  • Familial And Genetic
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Transmission

Limits

  • Clinical Queries: Causation (Etiology)
  • Publication Type: Multicenter Study

Subheadings:

  • Chemically Induced
  • Complications
  • Congenital
  • Embryology
  • Epidemiology
  • Etiology
  • Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Transmission
  • Virology

Limits: Methodology:

  • Longitudinal Study
  • Prospective Study
  • Retrospective Study
  • Twin Study
Prognosis

Limits: Clinical Queries: Prognosis

Subheadings:

  • Mortality
  • Prognosis

Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Prognosis
  • Publication Type: Multicenter Study

Subheading: Mortality

Limits: Methodology:

  • Followup Study
  • Longitudinal Study
  • Prospective Study
Therapy

Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Therapy
  • Publication Type:
    • Care Plan
    • Clinical Trial
    • Critical Path
    • Nursing Interventions
    • Practice Guidelines
    • Protocol

Subheadings:

  • Administration And Dosage
  • Diet Therapy
  • Drug Therapy
  • Nursing
  • Prevention And Control
  • Radiotherapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery
  • Therapeutic Use
  • Therapy
  • Transplantation

Limits:

  • Clinical Queries: Therapy
  • Publication Type:
    • Clinical Trial [consider all phases]
    • Comparative Study
    • Controlled Clinical Trial
    • Evaluation Studies
    • Guideline
    • Multicenter Study
    • Practice Guideline
    • Randomized Controlled Trial

Subheadings:

  • Administration & Dosage
  • Diet Therapy
  • Drug Therapy
  • Nursing
  • Prevention & Control
  • Radiotherapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery
  • Therapeutic Use
  • Therapy
  • Transplantation

Limits: Methodology:

  • Followup Study
  • Treatment Outcome/Clinical Trial

Consider using Classification Codes limits from the 3300 series (PDF file) to find specific types of therapeutic interventions.

From Citations to Articles

See Finding Items at Fogler Library and Getting Articles From Other Libraries.

More information about interlibrary loan:

  • Most article copies are free, but sometimes other libraries charge delivery and copying fees. On the request form, indicate the maximum cost you are willing to pay in case there is a charge.
  • Paper copies are sent to Fogler Library.
  • If you are going to visit another library, call before you travel. Check hours, policies, copying fees, and whether the issue you need is available.

Notes for distance education students:

  • In the URSUS catalog, click the link(s) appropriate to your primary campus affiliation and where you are located.
  • If you are not registered as an Orono student, some Ejournal and full text links may not work for you.
  • Use the Off-Campus Library Services Document Delivery System to get copies of articles sent directly to your preferred address (which may add to the delivery time).

Questions?

Nancy Curtis, 581-1679
UMaine Science & Engineering Center, 581-1691
UMaine Reference Desk, 581-1673
Ask A Librarian at UMaine
Off-Campus Library Services, 1-800-339-7323
Ask A Librarian at Off-Campus Library Services

Created by: Nancy Curtis | Revised: 06/23/2014
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