Skip Navigation

Earth Sciences


The following is a brief, selected guide to geology information resources available in Fogler Library, through the Fogler Library home page, and the World Wide Web.

Indexes and Abstracts | Earth Science Journals Author Instruction Pages | Electronic Journals | Dictionaries, Glossaries, and Encyclopedias | Directories, Handbooks, and YearbooksAssociations and Societies | Atlases and Geographic Name ServersBibliographies | Virtual Libraries

Earth science picture of the day. USGS

Maine geologic site of the month

New Resources since 4/1/2014

International Commission on Stratigraphy

National Soil Survey Center. 2012. Field book for describing and sampling soils, Version 3.0.


URSUS - the online catalogue of the University of Maine System, contains a wealth of information on geology and related topics. Searching is by author, title, keyword, subject, and call number. Through URSUS you can find books, conference, symposium, and workshop proceeding volumes, University of Maine theses and dissertations, and state, federal, Canadian, and other international documents. Material is catalogued by Library of Congress Subject Headings. The following subject headings may get you started in your search:

formations (geology), geochemistry, geological mapping, geological surveys, geology economic, geology maps, geology stratigraphic, geology structural, historical geology, isotope geology, physical geology, sediments geology

A good way to search URSUS is by keyword. Using the keyword search option you can combine various keywords together using AND, OR, and parentheses. If you wanted to find information on soils in Maine or Vermont your search might look like this:

(soil or soils) and (vermont or maine or new england)


Indexes and Abstracts

Bibliography of Maine Geology
This bibliography is now included in the Maine Geological Survey Publication Search engine.  Includes Cyrus C. Babb’s Bibliography of Maine Geology, 1913-1972.  Over 4,000 records have been added since the last 1972 edition, bringing the total to over 7,000 records.  Searchable by author, title, where published, date of publication, and keyword.  Includes citations only.  Indexes journals, proceedings, theses and dissertation, and USGS reports. Compiled by Robert D. Tucker and Marc C. Loiselle, Natural Resources Information and Mapping Center, Maine Geological Survey, Maine Department of Conservation. 

Cold regions bibliography
A database of over 200,000 references covering cold regions research including the geological sciences.  Access through the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress.

Deep Sea Drilling Project
Searchable database of papers resulting from the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ocean Drilling Program and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program.  Search by title, author, keyword, year of publication, and author affiliation.  Linked to full text of Ocean Drilling Reports.  Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, American Geological Institute.

Geological Society of America - Search the Journals
A searchable database of citations from articles in the following three GSA publications:  Geology (1973-present), GSA Bulletin (1945-present), Geosphere (2005-present), Lithosphere (2009-present), and GSA Today (1995-present)

GeoRef - 1785-present online. If you are connecting to this database off the University of Maine campus but within the State of Maine, please connect through Maine's Science, Technology & Business Library.
Established and maintained by the American Geosciences Institute, this database is the online equivalent of the print Bibliography and Index of Geology (Sci Index QE1.G2145, 1969-present).   Searching is by author, title, subject, and abstract keyword.  Over 3,500 serial titles are scanned for inclusion.

GeoRef preview database
Also made available through the American Geosciences Institute, this database allows users to preview records before they are input into the GeoRef database.  It is updated weekly with records in various forms of completeness.  Completed records are added to the GeoRef database. 

Georoc: Geochemistry of rocks of the oceans and continents
Search for citations by author and keyword and limit by date.  From MPI fur Chemie, Manz, Germany

GEOSCAN Database
A bibliographic database of approximately 50,000 records, most of which are Natural Resources of Canada earth sciences publications.  Searchable by title, author, and subject, area.  Searches can be limited by province.

A guide to speleological literature of the English language 1794-1996. 1998.  Northrup, D.E., Mobley, E.D., Ingham, K.L., and Mixon, W.W. (compilers and editors). St. Louis: Cave Books. 539p.
Indexed by author (including secondary authors), illustrators, and titles. Contains bibliographic information only.
Sci Ref Z6033.C3G85

Index of USGS web servers
A complete linked list of USGS web servers.

The index to marine & lacustrine geological samples database
This index is a cooperative effort between 19 institutions and government agencies.  This database, known as the Curator's Database, "...contains inventory and standardized lithology, texture, and age information for over 91,000 seafloor samples archived by oceanographic institutions and government agencies, and is searchable by any parameter or combination of parameters."

Publications Index the Society of Exploration Geophysicists
A searchable index of publications from the following:  the Society of Exploration Geophysicists, the European Association of Exploration Geophysicists, the Australian Society of Exploration Geophysicists and the Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists. Coverage from 1936-2005

References to optical spectra of minerals.
Lists by mineral name and keyed to author/reference list. Over 650 references. Mineral Spectroscopy Server, California Institute of Technology. Update of Chapter 7 on optical spectroscopy in Reviews of Mineralogy, V. 18. (Mineralogical Society of America)

U.S. coal resource database
A searchable database of federal and state government reports concerning U.S. coal resources.  Created and maintained by the Eastern Energy Resources Science Center (EERSC), USGS.

U.S. Geological Survey Information by State
Science in your backyard site. Click on a state and view USGS publications pertaining to that state. Maine.

U.S.Geological Survey Library: Online Catalog
Search the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) library catalog by author, title, subject, keyword, or number.

Water resources abstracts
Index to international scientific literature on all aspects of water resources issues. Includes abstracts of journal articles (see serials source list), monographs, technical reports, books, and conference proceedings. Searchable by author and title, abstract, and subject descriptors. Coverage from 1967. Updated quarterly.

Water resources publications
New and highlighted full-text USGS reports.

Web of Science. 1899-present  Online
Science Citation Index
Sci Index Q1.A1S36
Web of Science includes Science Citation Index from 1900-present.  Search by word in the title, keyword, and abstract.  Perform cited reference searches from 1900 to present. Limit by author affiliation and document type.  Over 4,000 journals are indexed (see the master journal list).

Earth Science Journals Author Instruction Pages

American Journal of Science
American Mineralogist
Annals of Glaciology

Antarctic Science

Applied Geochemistry
Atlantic Geology
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Canadian Mineralogist

Chemical Geology
Computers & Geosciences
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Earth-Science Reviews
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
Environmental Geology

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Sciences: Processes & Impacts
Estuaries & Coasts
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
European Journal of Mineralogy
G-cubed: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta


Geografiska Annaler: Series A Physical Geography

Geological Society of America Bulletin


Geo-Marine Letters
Geophysical Journal International
Geophysical Research Letters

Global and Planetary Change

Global Biogeochemical Cycles
The Holocene
Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences
International Journal of Earth Sciences

Journal of Coastal Research

Journal of Environmental Monitoring - now Environmental Sciences: Processes & Impacts

Journal of Geophysical Research

Journal of Geoscience Education

Journal of Glaciology

Journal of Hydrology
Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Journal of Petrology

Journal of Quaternary Science

Journal of South American Earth Sciences
Journal of Structural Geology
Journal of the Virtual Explorer
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Marine Geology
Mineralogical Magazine
Nature Geoscience
Organic Geochemistry
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Polar Geography

Polar Research
Precambrian Research

Quaternary Geochronology

Quaternary Research
Quaternary Science Reviews
Reviews of Geophysics

Soil Science Society of America Journal


Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Electronic Journals

Note:  This is a link to the geology related electronic journals available through URSUS.  There are other electronic journals that earth science researchers would find useful.  See Ejournals@UMaine as well as URSUS.

Geoscience e-journals, the portal
Links to 60 (as of 3/2013) open access electronic journals related to geosciences.

Dictionaries, Glossaries, and Encyclopedias

Aber, J.S. 2008. ES 331/767 glossary of Ice Age terms. Earth Science Department, Emporia State University, Kansas.

Alean, J. and Hambrey, M. Glaciers online photoglossary

Anderson, M.G. and McDonnell, J.J. (eds.) 2005. Encyclopedia of hydrological sciences. Chichester, UK: Wiley. 5 vols.
Sci Ref GB655.E527 2005

The Avalanche Glossary. National Avalanche Center and The Friends of the Utah Avalanche Forecast Center.

The BGS (British Geological Survey) lexicon of named rock units

Dasch, E.J. (ed.) 1996. Encyclopedia of earth sciences. New York: Macmillan Reference Library, 2 vols.
Sci Ref QE5.E5137 1996

Dictionary of geologic terms

Dictionary of mining & mineral terms
This searchable dictionary of over 26,000 terms corresponding to the 1996 cd-rom of the same name, was produced by the U.S. Bureau of Mines.  Available through Global InfoMine.

A dictionary of quaternary acronyms and abbreviations
A searchable dictionary of over 950 acronyms and abbreviations compiled and maintained by Alwynne B. Beaudoin, University of Calgary.

Earthquake glossary. Earthquake Hazards Program, USGS.

Elias, S.A. (ed.) 2007. Encyclopedia of quaternary science. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 4 vols.
Sci Ref QE741.E53 2007

Elsevier's dictionary of glaciology in four languages[:] English (with definitions), Russian (with definitions), French and German. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 336p.
Sci Ref GB2401.E57 1990

Encyclopedia of earth. Secretariat - National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE).

Fettes, D. and Desmons, J. (eds.) 2007. Metamorphic rocks [:] a classified and glossary of terms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 244p.
Sci Ref QE475.A2M4746 2007

Fourestier, J. de. 1999. Glossary of mineral synonyms. Ottawa: Mineralogical Association of Canada. 434p.
Sci Ref QE357.F68 1999

GEOLEX - Geologic names lexicon. USGS

Geologic Glossary. USGS

GeoRef thesaurus. 9th ed. 2000. Alexandria, VA: American Geosciences Institute.
 Sci Ref QE7.G45 9th ed. 2000

Global change master directory list of earth science acronyms, glossaries and gazetteers
This list is maintained by Lola Olsen, NASA, and is part of NASA's Global change master directory.

Glossary: Carbon dioxide and climate. 1990. ORNL/CDIAC-39, Carbon dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN. F. O'Hara jr. (ed.)

Glossary of geologic terms. Iowa State University, Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences. Based on the glossary in Judson, S. and Richardson, S.M. 1995. Earth: An introduction to geologic change. Englewood Clifts, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Glossary of physical geology terms
Created by Dr. Michael Pidwirny, Department of Geography, Okanagan University College

Glossary of remote sensing terms
Natural Resources Canada

Glossary of selected glacier and related terminology. USGS. Cascades Volcano Observatory.

Good, G.A. (ed.) 1998. Sciences of the earth[:] An encyclopedia of events, people, and phenomena. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 2 vols.
Sci Ref QE11.S38 1998

Goudie, A.S. (ed.) 2004. Encyclopedia of geomorphology. London: Routledge. 2 vols. 1156p.
Sci Ref GB400.3.E53 2004

Gubbins, D. and Herrero-Bervera, E. 2007. Encyclopedia of geomagnetism and paleomagnetism. Dordrecht: Springer.

Illustrated glossary of alpine glacial landforms. Karen A. Lemke, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and the Virtual Geography Department and Linda Freeman, College of the Siskiyous.

Jackson, J.A. and Bates, R.L. 1997. Glossary of geology. 4th ed. Alexandria, VA: American Geosciences Institute. 769p.
Sci Ref QE5.B38 1997

Le Maitre, R.W. (ed.)  2002. Igneous rocks - A classification and glossary of terms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 236p.
Sci Ref QE461.I446 2002

Manutchehr-Danai, M. 2008. Dictionary of gems and gemology. Berlin: Springer.

Middleton, G.V. (ed.) 2003. Encyclopedia of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 821p.
Sci Ref QE 471.2.E53 2003

Molnia, B.F. 2004. Glossary of glacier terminology. Open -File Report 2004-1216. USGS

Moores, E.M. and Fairbridge, R.W. (eds.) 1997. Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology. London: Chapman & Hall, 804p.
Sci Ref QE260.E63 1997

Ritter, M.E. 2006. The physical environment glossary. University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point.

Schwartz, M.L. (ed.) 2005. Encyclopedia of coastal science. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. 1211p.
Sci Ref GB450.4.E533 2005

Selley, R.C., Cocks, L.R.M., and Plimer, I.R. (eds.) 2005. Encyclopedia of geology. 5 vols. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 
Sci Ref QE5.E516 2005

Sigurdsson, H. (Editor-in-Chief). 2000. Encyclopedia of volcanoes. San Diego: Academic Press. 1417 p. 
Sci Ref  QE522.E53 2000 

Singer, R. (ed.) 1999. Encyclopedia of paleontology. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn. 2 volumes. 1435p.
Sci Ref QE703.E58 1999

Soil glossary. National Land and Water Information Service. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Terminologies. SPEM STRATA. Society of Sedimentary Geology

UCMP glossary, Volume 2: Geology.
Glossary of geological terms from the Museum of PaleontologyUniversity of California, Berkeley.

USGS photo glossary of volcanic terms.

[Visual] earthquake glossary.
USGS, Earthquake Hazards Program

Woodhead, J.A. 1999. Geology [encyclopedia]. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2 vols.
Sci Ref QE5.G465 1999

Directories, Handbooks, and Yearbooks

American mineralogist crystal structure database
A searchable database of all crystal structures published in the American Mineralogist, The Canadian Mineralogist,  European Journal of Mineralogy, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, as well as selected datasets from other journals.

Art's mineral identification chart
Chart created by Art Crossman as a college course project at Mansfield University

ATHENA - Mineral database.
From the Department of Mineralogy, University of Geneva. Maintained by Pierre Perroud. Carmichael, R.S. 1989.

Brassington, R. 2007. Field hydrogeology[:] The geological field guide series. 3rd ed. Chichester, UK: John Wiley. 264p.
Sci Ref GB1002.3.B73 2007

Central Region Geology. USGS

CRC practical handbook of physical properties of rocks and minerals. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 741p.
Sci Ref QE431.6.P5P73 1989

Directory of geoscience departments . 2005. 43th ed. Alexandria, VA: American Geosciences Institute, 585p.
Sci Ref QE47.A1D57

Directory of geoscience organizations of the world. Developed by the International Geoscience Cooperation Office, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (latest update 11/2/2011)

Earth impact database
Database of confirmed impact structures  from around the world.

European geoscience university departments. Maintained by Institut fur Geowissenschaften Mainz.  See also Geoscience departments WWW Directory - US & Canada.

Geologic guidebooks of North America database. American Geosciences Institute

Geologic time periods
Produced by the Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley See also Interactive geological time scale. American Geological Institute

Geological time scale. Andrew MacRae. Geologist's directory. 1996. [London]: Institution of Geologists, 568p.
Sci Ref QE23.G44 1996

Geology of national parks. USGS

Georoc: Geochemistry of rocks of the oceans and continents
From MPI fur Chemie, Manz, Germany

Geoscience departments WWW Directory - US & Canada
Created by V.J. Ansfield, maintained by T.H. Heaton, University of South Dakota. See also European geoscience university departments. Maintained by Institut fur Geowissenschaften Mainz.

Geoscientists. Occupational Outlook Handbook. U.S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Gladstone, C. Minerals under a microscope. Earth Sciences, University of Bristol.

Guide to geoscience departments in the United States & Canada 1997-98. 1997. 5th ed. Alexandria, VA: American Geosciences Institute, 559p.
Sci Ref QE47.A1G85 1997-98.

Hydrologists. Occupational Outlook Handbook. U.S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Ice Core Site Links
From the National Ice Core Laboratory Science Management Office, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire

LDEO (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory) fossil plankton stratigraphies database 1. Dr. William Ruddiman.

Manson, C. and Gordon, I.D. 1997. 5th ed. Directory of geoscience libraries, North America. Alexandria, VA: Geoscience Information Society, 113p.
Sci Ref  Z675.G46 D57 1997.

Marine geology data
Maintained by the National Geophysical Data Center's (NGDC) Marine Geology and Geophysics division.  Contains marine geological data available through the NGDC.  Searching is by latitude/longitude, water depth, sampling device, author, and cruise.

Mineral Commodity Summaries
Mineral industry data published annually by USGS.

Mineral Industry Surveys
Statistical data on mineral commodities including information on consumption, distribution, production, and stocks.  Produced and maintained by Minerals Information, USGS.

Mineral Science Collection. Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History.
Searchable database

Mineralogy database
Produced and maintained by David Barthelmy, petroleum geology consultant. Contains almost 4,000 mineral descriptions with information about physical and optical properties, chemical formulaes, classification (Dana and Strunz), and crystal form.

Minerals Yearbook
Produced and maintained by Minerals Information, USGS. Maine 1994-2009

Mohs scale of mineral hardness

National directory of geoscience data repositories. American Geological Institute

National geochemical survey database

National geologic map database
A searchable database of lithologic and geochronologic unit names.  From USGS

National Museum of Natural History. Department of Mineral Sciences Collections.

National Soil Survey Center. 2012. Field book for describing and sampling soils, Version 3.0.

North American Stratigraphic Code. The North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 89(11): 1547-1591. 2005.

O'Donoghue, M. (ed.) 2006. Gems [:] Their sources, descriptions and identification. 6th ed . Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann, Elsevier. 873p.
Sci Ref QE392.W37 2006

PetDB Petrological database of the ocean floor. Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA) Facility.
"...geochemical data collection of ocean floor igneous and metamorphic rocks."

Pott, P.J., Tindle, A.G., and Webb, P.C. 1992. Geochemical reference material compositions. Latheronwheel, Caithness, U.K.: Whittles Pub.; Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 313p.
Sci Ref QE438.P67 1992

Quaternary fault and fold database of the United States. USGS

Recent earthquake activity in the USA. National Earthquake Information Center, USGS

Reimann, C. and de Caritat, P. 1998. Chemical elements in the environment [:] Factsheets for the geochemist and environmental scientist. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 397p.
Sci Ref QE516.4.R45 1998

Resources of scholarly societies - Earth sciences. University of Waterloo Electronic Library Scholarly Societies Project.
An alphabetic list of earth science societies.

Seafloor sediment grain size database. World Data Center for Geophysics & Marine Geology, Boulder, CO.

State geological survey office links. Maine
Association of American State Geologists

Suspended-sediment database: Daily values of suspended sediment and ancillary data
Retrieve data by state, hydrologic region, and time period.  USGS.

Treatise on geochemistry. 2004. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 10 volumes.
Sci Ref QE515.T64 2004

Union list of geologic field trip guidebooks of North America. 1996. 6th ed. Alexandria, VA: American Geosciences Institute, in cooperation with the Geoscience Information Society, 329p.
Sci Ref QE45.G48 1996

USGS Earthquake Information

Virtual field trip guides: United States and Canada. The Walter Geology Library. University of Texas at Austin.

Web listing of mineralogy and petrology scientific meetings. (updated 2/6/2013). Andrea Koziol, University of Dayton.

Western Region Geological Information. USGS

World Glacier Inventory 
Collected and digitized by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zurich.

World reference base for soil resources. 1998. International Society of Soil Science (ISSS), International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations

Associations and Societies

Associated Societies. The Geological Society of America.

Professional organizations. Association of American State Geologists.

American Geosciences Institute. Member Societies

American Geosciences Institute
American Geophysical Union

Association for Women Geoscientists

Geological Society of America

International Commission on Stratigraphy
International Union of Geological Sciences
Mineralogical Association of Canada

Mineralogical Society of America

National Association of Geoscience Teachers

Society for Sedimentary Geology
Society of Exploration Geologists

The Geological Society - London

Atlases and Geographic Name Servers

Atlas of the Cryosphere
National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Color landform atlas of the United StatesMaine
Maintained by Ray Sterner. Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University.

Geographic names information system (GNIS). USGS

Geographical names search
Natural Resources Canada

Getty thesaurus of geographic names online. The J. Paul Getty Trust

Ground water atlas of the United StatesNew England
U.S. Department of the Interior, USGS

International Commissionon Stratigraph. Chronostratigraphic and Biochemostratigraphic charts

Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. 1998. Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their association. Department of Geological Sciences, Birmingham University, England.

MacKenzie, W.S. and Adams, A.E. 1994. A color atlas of rocks and minerals in thin section. New York: Halsted Press, 192p.
Sci Ref QE434.M33 1994

Maher, L.J., Jr. Geology by lightplane
Includes 335 aerial photographs of Midwest and western U.S. geologic formations for noncommercial educational use.

Maine's Ice Age trail, Downeast. University of Maine, Climate Change Institute.

Online geologic maps and reports. Maine Geological Survey.

The paleogeographic atlas project. University of Chicago.

Soil atlas of Europe. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability.

A tapestry of time and terrain: The union of two maps - geology and topology
Developed by the USGS, U.S. Department of the Interior.

U.S. Board on Geographic Names - Antarctica Names. USGS

Visible earth. NASA images and animations

World atlas of panoramic aerial images
California Geographical Survey. Developed by Dr. William A. Bowen


Aber, J.S. 4/2013 (last update). Bibliography of glaciotectonic references.

Virtual Libraries

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)
A partnership between NSF and DLESE

Earth Reference Data and Models.

Earth Science Information Resources
Compiled and maintained by the Branner Earth Sciences Library & Map Collections, Stanford University.

Geology Web Links

History of oceanography & earth sciences. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library

Ice Core Gateway.  NOAA Paleoclimatology

Martindale's "Virtual" Geoscience Center

Mineralogy and Petrology Research on the Web
Maintained by Andrea Koziol, University of Dayton.

NGDC marine geology inventory (GEOLIN)
inventory of all geological data available from National Geophysical Data Center's Marine Geology & Geophysics Division.

NSIDC cold links. National Snow and Ice Data Center.

USGS Library - Online Catalog

USGS photographic library

Web resources for sedimentary geologists
Developed and maintained by Dr. Becky Dorsey, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon

West's geology directory
Compiled and maintained by Dr. Ian West, Department of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, UK, this site contains links to hundreds of geologic Web sites.   It is arranged by subject.  Updated frequently.

Return to the guides listing

Created by: Jim Bird | Revised: 06/20/2014
5729 Fogler Library
University of Maine
Orono, ME 04469-5729
Phone: 207.581.1661 | Fax: 207.581.1653
© Copyright 2000-2014  
The University of Maine
Orono, Maine 04469