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The following is a brief, selected guide to ornithological information resources available in Fogler Library, through the Fogler Library home page, and the World Wide Web. See also specific subject guides in this research guide series for other animal related resources.

Indexes and Databases | Bibliographies | Ornithology Journals Author Instruction Pages | Dictionaries, Glossaries, and Encyclopedias | Directories | Guides | Handbooks and Manuals | Associations and Societies | Atlases | Virtual Libraries

Bird news from Birdlife International

New Resources since 3/28/2014

Patuxent - bird songs. USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center


URSUS - the online catalogue of the University of Maine System, contains a wealth of information on ornithology and related topics. Searching is by author, title, keyword, subject, and call number. Through URSUS you can find books, conference, symposium, and workshop proceeding volumes, University of Maine theses and dissertations, and state, federal, Canadian, and other international documents. Material is catalogued by Library of Congress Subject Headings. Depending on your topic, the following subject headings may get you started in your search:

bird population, birds (+geographic location), birds anatomy, birds behavior, birds conservation, birds ecology, birds fossil, birds migration, birds nomenclature, birds of prey, birds physiology, Passeriformes, water birds

A good way to search URSUS is by keyword. Using the keyword search option you can combine various keywords together using AND, OR, and parentheses. If you wanted to find information on the ecology of birds in Maine, your search might look like this:

maine and (birds or ornitholog*) and ecolog*

where the * is a truncation symbol (wildcard) retrieving all variant endings.

Indexes and Databases

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts  1971-present online. If you are connecting to this database off the University of Maine campus but within the State of Maine, please connect through Maine's Science, Technology & Business Library.
This abstract is updated quarterly and covers the total aquatic environment (freshwater, brackish, and marine). Information is included on living resources as well as technology, policy, and non-living resources. Over 4,500 journals are indexed (see Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts serials list)  as well as conference proceedings, books, and government and technical reports. Abstracts are included for most citations.

Buteo Books
Online bookstore specializing in ornithology books.  Included because of the large number of books available and the organization of the site.  Buteo Books, Shipman, VA.

BIOSIS Previews 1926-present online
BIOSIS Previews, worldwide in scope, indexes the literature of the biological and biomedical sciences. The premier database in the biological sciences, subject coverage includes agriculture, biochemistry, bioengineering, botany, ecology, genetics, microbiology, ornithology, pharmacology, and zoology. Approximately 5,500 serial publications (see Biosis Previews serials list) as well as books, proceedings and meeting abstracts, technical reports, review papers, and patents are indexed. There are 58 separate data fields that can be searched including author, title, publication source, organism, concepts, super taxa, publication type, author affiliation, and abstract keyword. Searches can be limited to review articles.

Indexes approximately 150 journals for information related to North American waterfowl.  Subjects covered include conservation, ecology, and management.  Search by author, title, subject, year of publication, and periodical indexed. The database is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS), Biological Resources Division (BRD), National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) in Lafayette, Louisiana, and is made available by this site as well as the USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Ecology Abstracts - 1982-present online
Sci Index QH 540 A66 - 1979-2002
Indexes the broad area of the interactions of organisms with their environment. Includes information on conservation, pollution, management, environmental degradation, and reclamation. Ecology Abstracts can be searched by author, title, subject, and abstract word. Indexes over 900 journals (see Serials source list for Ecology Abstracts). Updated monthly. 

A searchable database of full-text scholarly journals including several major ecology journals such as: Ecology (1920-1999), Functional Ecology (1987-2000), Journal of Applied Ecology (1964-2000), and Journal of Biogeography (1974-2000).

On-Line Annotated Bibliography of Avian Interactions with Utility Structures
A searchable annotated bibliography produced by the California Energy Commission.

Ornithological Worldwide Literature
A searchable database of over 60,000 references.  Incorporates Recent Ornithological Literature.  A joint project of the American Ornithological Union, British Ornithological Union, and Birds Australia.

The Peregrine Fund Global Raptor Information Network
A searchable database of 50,000 references on diurnal raptors.  Search by author, title, keyword, journal name, and year. Produced and maintained by the Global Raptor Information Network.

Raptor Information System (RIS)
A searchable database of over 33,000 references on raptors.  Search by keyword, author, title, journal name, and year.  No abstracts.  Emphasis on the literature of population dynamics and predation.  USGS, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystems Science Center, Snake River Field Station.

Schmidt, D. International field guides. University Library, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana.

Searchable database of published field guides to birds plus other species. Searchable by author, title, description, publication, and region.

A searchable database with full-text links to the following journals: Auk (1884-1999), Condor (1899-2000), International Wader Studies (1976-2002), Journal of Field Ornithology (1930-1999), Journal of Raptor Research (1967-2005), North American Bird Bander (1976-2000), Ornithological Monographs (1964-2005),  Pacific Coast Avifauna (1900-1974), Studies in Avian Biology (1978-1999), Wader Studies Group Bulletin (1970-2004), Western Birds (1970-2005), and Wilson Bulletin (1889-1999).

Web of Science. 1899-present online
Science Citation Index
Sci Index Q1.A1S36
Web of Science includes Science Citation Index from 1900-present.  Search by word in the title, keyword, and abstract.  Perform cited reference searches from 1900 to present. Limit by author affiliation and document type.  See the master journal list.

Wildlife and Ecology Studies Worldwide - 1935-present online
Includes over 345,000 citations to the literature on mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians found in journals, conference proceedings, monographs, theses and dissertations, and government reports. Database includes Wildlife Review Abstracts, which was published through 1995 by the National Biological Service. Searching is by keyword, subject, and author as well as by taxonomic and geographic identifiers. Abstracts are available for publications added to the database since September 1996. 8,000 records added annually. Coverage is from 1935 to present. Updated quarterly. 

Wind-Wildlife Impacts Literature Database (WILD)
A database of the effects of wind energy development on wildlife, including birds.  Indexes a variety of publications types including  journals, magazines, utility company reports, conference proceedings, and government publications.  Note that documentation says "currently contains the abstracts of documents published through 1995", however material published after this date is included. Maintained by the National Wind Technology Center. Originally compiled by the California Energy Commission.

Zoological Record. 1864-present online
Sci Index QL1.Z58 1864-2003. 
This index is published annually. Each annual edition is divided into 20 sections, with 18 of these sections representing various animal groups. The remaining 2 sections cover the general zoological literature and the new generic and sub-generic names indexed. Coverage is the worldwide zoological literature, indexing over 6,000 journals (see Zoological Record serials list). Each section has 5 indexes: author, subject, geographic, paleontological, and systematic. 


Bibliography. Ornithology. Biology 5446/5446G. C. Ray Chandler. Georgia Southern University.

Bibliography: Seabirds as indicators. Alaska Science Center, USGS.

California Energy Commission. Online annotated bibliography of avian interactions with utility structures.

Colonial and non-colonial waterbird bibliography. 2004. Bibliographic database developed for the Northern Prairie and Parkland Waterbird Conservation Plan.

Dahlgren, R.B. and Korschgen, C.E. 1992. Human disturbances to waterfowl: An annotated bibliography. USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.

Johnson, D.H. 2001. Habitat fragmentation effects on birds in grasslands and wetlands: A critique of our knowledge. USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.

Kerlinger, P. 2000. Avian mortality at communication towers: A review of recent literature, research, and methodology. Cape May Point, NJ: Curry & Kerlinger. 38p. (prepared for U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Office of Migratory Bird Management)

Peterjohn, B. and Pardieck, K. 2009. A bibliography for the North American Breeding Bird Survey (full-text). USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Searchable

Trapp, J.L. 1998. Bird kills at towers and other human-made structures: An annotated partial bibliography (1960-1998). U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Office of Migratory Bird Management.

Warham, J. 2006. A bibliography of the Procellariiformes or petrels. University of Canterbury. 
Note that journal papers stopped being added in 1995 however books and symposia volumes were added after that date.  I include here because their are over 3,000 references listed.

Ornithology Journals Author Instruction Pages

The Auk

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Bird Conservation International

The Condor

Conservation Biology
Conservation Genetics
Current Zoology (formerly Acta Zoologica Sinica)


Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Evolutionary Ecology
General and Comparative Endocrinology


Journal of Avian Biology

Journal of Field Ornithology

Journal of Ornithology
Marine Ornithology
Northeastern Naturalist
Ornitologia Neotropical
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Studies in Avian Biology

The Wilson Journal of Ornithology (Previously Wilson Bulletin)

Dictionaries, Glossaries, and Encyclopedias

Audubon's Birds of America. University of Pittsburgh

Banks, R.C. Obsolete English Names of North American Birds and Their Modern Equivalents. USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, National Museum of Natural History.

Beolens, B. and Watkins, M. 2003. Whose bird? Common bird names and the people they commemorate. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 400p.
Sci Ref QL677.B46 2003

Burchsted, F. n.d. New England naturalists: A bio-bibliography.

The Cambridge encyclopedia of ornithology. 1991. Cambridge, Eng.; New York: Cambridge University Press. 362p. 
Sci Ref QL673 .C26 

A dictionary of birds. 1985. Vermillion, SD: Buteo Books. 670p. 
Sci Ref QL673 .D59 1985

The Concise Oxford dictionary of zoology. 1991. Oxford [England]; New York: Oxford University Press. 508p. 
Sci Ref QL9 .C66 1991 

Gill, F. and Wright, M. 2006. Birds of the world - recommended English names. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 259p. (see the following site - IOC World Bird List)
Sci Ref QL677.G55 2006

Jobling, J.A. 1991. A dictionary of scientific bird names. Oxford; New York: Oxford University press. 272p. 
Sci Ref QL677 .J55 1991

Koford, R.R., Dunning, J.B., Jr., Ribic, C.A., and Finch, D.M. 1994. A glossary for avian terms for use in avian conservation biology. Wilson Bulletin. 106(1):121-137. Posted on the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page.

Louis Agassiz Fuertes image database. Cornell University

Patuxent bird glossary. USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center plus another glossary from Patuxent.

Paulson, D. 1996?. Glossary of avian external anatomy. University of Puget Sound.

Wrobel, M. 2002. Elsevier's dictionary of bird names in Latin, English, French, German, and Italian. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1436p.
Sci Ref QL677.E47 2002


Bird Checklists of the United States. A clickable map of the United States leads to bird checklists from National Wildlife Refuges and other locations. Maintained by the USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Bird observatories, USA & Canada. BIRDNET

Birding festivals directory. American Birding Association.

Directory of neotropical ornithology. 1993. 2nd ed. American Ornithologists' Union.  131p. 
Sci Ref QL695.5 .R67 1993 

Guide to graduate studies in ornithology in North America. May 2005. Complied by the Committee on Undergraduate Outreach of the Wilson Ornithological Society.

The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. 2003. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1039p.
Sci Ref QL677.H68 2003

Rare bird alerts. current. Birdingonthe.Net

Species in parks. Flora and Fauna databases. Information Center for the Environment, University of California, Davis and National Park Service. Search database by National Park Service site or species name.


Featured guide:

Sibley, D. 2000. National Audubon Society the Sibley guide to birds. New York: Knopf, 544p.
Sci Ref QL681 .S497 2000 

To determine which bird identification guides Fogler Library owns, do the following keyword search on URSUS: 

                    birds identification

Bird Checklists by State & Province. Thayer Birding Software.

Birds of the Orono Bog. Orono Bog Boardwalk checklist of birds. Bangor/Orono, Maine.

Dendroica - an aid to identifying North American birds. Environment Canada, CONABIO, and USGS. Includes photographs and bird songs.

Floyd, T. 2008. Smithsonian field guide to the birds of North America. New York: HarperCollins. 512p.
Sci Ref QL681.F56 2008

Hines, R.W. [n.d.] Ducks at a distance - a waterfowl identification guide. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southwest Natural and Cultural Heritage Association, Albuquerque, NM. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. Version 04NOV97

Howell, S.N.G. 2012. Petrels, albatrosses, and storm-petrels of North America: A photographic guide. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 508p. Electronic access through URSUS title search.

Important bird areas Canada. BirdLife International with Bird Studies Canada and Nature Canada.
Create lists from 600 Important Bird Areas of Canada.  Also create maps of the areas.

The internet bird collection. Lynx

Liguori, J. 2005. Hawks from every angle - how to identify raptors in flight. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 129p.
Sci Ref QL696.F3L54 2005

Message, S. and Taylor, D. 2005. Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia - a guide to field identification. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 224p.
Sci Ref QL681.M47 2005

Paulson, D. 2005. Shorebirds of North America. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 361p.
Sci Ref QL 681.P37 2005

Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
Excellent resource includes the following for hundreds of North American bird species:  Identification tips, Christmas Bird Count maps, Breeding Bird Survey maps, taxonomic information, and similar species, and images.

The Seabird Osteology pages
Contains much information on seabird skulls including detailed photographs.  Indexed by family, genus, and species. Edward Soldaat.

Handbooks and Manuals

American Ornithologists' Union. n.d. AOU checklist of North and Middle American birds 7th ed. Washington, D.C.:  American Ornithologists' Union.
Sci Ref QL681 .C52 1998 

A.O.U. South American Classification Committee. A classification of the bird species of South America. Parts 1 and 2.

Arctic Bird Library
Information on habitat, threat status, and distribution for 129 bird species that inhabit the Arctic. UNEP, World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

Search by scientific or common name (or partial name).  Output is order and family + common bird names in a variety of languages and synonyms. Includes 10,000 species and 22,000 subspecies. Site is managed by Denis Lepage, Bird Studies Canada. 

Biological and ecotoxicological characteristics of terrestrial vertebrates - species reports - birds. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, USGS

Bird families of the world. 12th edition. November 2012.

Birds of Conservation Concern 2008. Arlington, VA: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird Management.

Birds of North America. 1992-ongoing. Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union. 
Sci Ref QL681 .B523

Canadian Bird Checklist Program

Carvey, J.R. and Judge, D. S. 2000. Longevity records: life spans of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish. Odense: Odense University Press, 241p.
Sci Ref QP85.C37 2000

Christmas Bird Count
Current year + historical results. National Audubon Society.

Class Aves. Diversity Web. University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

Clements, J.F. 2007. The Clements checklist of birds of the world. 6th ed. Ithaca, NY: Comstock. 843p.
Sci Ref QL673.C53 2007

DeGraaf, R.M., Scott, V.E., Hamre, R.H., Ernst, L., and Anderson, S.H. 1991. Forest and rangeland birds of the United States natural history and habitat use. USDA, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook 688.

Dunning, J.B. 2008. CRC handbook of avian body masses. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 655p. 
Sci Ref QL697 .C87 2008 

Ehrlich, P.R. Dobkin, D.S., and Wheye, D. 1994. The birdwatcher's handbook : a guide to the natural history of the birds of Britain and Europe : including 516 species that regularly breed in Europe and adjacent parts of the Middle East and North Africa. Oxford [England]; New York: Oxford University Press. 660p. 
ORO stacks QL690.A1 E38 1994 

Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for biodiversity conservation.1998. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. 846p. Sci Ref QL673 .E535 1998

Field manual of wildlife disease - general field procedures and diseases of birds. USGS, Biological Resource Division, , Information and Technology Report 1999-0001

Handbook of avian anatomy: nomina anatomica avium. 1993. Cambridge, MA: [Nuttall Ornithological Club]. 779p. 
ORO stacks QL697 .H26 1993

Handbook of North American birds. 1962-. New Haven: Yale University Press. 5 vols.  
Sci Ref QL681 .P35

Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: the birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. 9 vols. 
Sci Ref QL679 .H35

Handbook of the birds of the world. 1992-. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. 5 vols. 
Sci Ref QL673 .H25 1992

ITIS - Integrated taxonomic information system.
Search by common or scientific name

Jacobson, M. and Bildstein, K.L. 2005. A guide for neotropical ornithologists and conservationists seeking advanced degrees at universities in the United States.

Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., and Shaffer, J.A.D. 2004. Effects of management practices on grassland birds. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.

Longevity records for North American birds. 1/2013. USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Macaulay Library. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.
Online archive of animal sounds and videos.

McCarthy, E.M. 2006. Handbook of avian hybrids of the world. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 583p.
Sci Ref QL696.5.M33 2006

"Provides information on all reported avian crosses worldwide.  More than 4,000 different types of hybrids are covered, both those occurring in a natural setting and ones produced in captivity.  More than 5,000 works cited." (provided by the author)

Nelson, C.H. 1993. The downy waterfowl of North America. Deerfield, IL: Delta Station Press. 302p.
Sci Ref QL696.A52N45 1993

North American bird songs. Doug Von Gausig and

Ornithology Collection at the Peabody Museum, Yale University.
Search this specimen collection of over 6,500 bird species.

Patuxent - bird songs. USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Proctor, N.S. 1993. Manual of ornithology: avian structure & function. New Haven: Yale University Press. 340p. 
ORO stacks QL697 .P76 1993

Ramamoorthy, S. 1995-. Handbook of chemical toxicity profiles of biological species. v. 2. Avian and mammalian species. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers. 
Sci Ref QH541.15.T68 R36 1995 v.2

Ranges of North American breeding birds[:] Visualizing long-term population changes in North American breeding birds. 1995. Jeff Price, Northern Prairie Science Center. Includes range maps - distribution and abundance patterns - over 4, 5 year periods: 1970-74, 1975-79, 1980-84, 1985-89.

Rehabilitators list: permittees authorized to accept wild animals and birds for rehabilitation. 1996. [Augusta, ME]: Maine. Dept. of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. 
ORO Special Collections St. Docs. I 54.7:R26 1996

The Sibley/Monroe world list of bird names

Sibley, C.G. and Monroe, B.L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1111p. Sci Ref QL677 .S53 1990. also A supplement to Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. 1993. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press108p. Sci Ref QL678 .S53 1993, Supp.

Threatened and Endangered Species on National Wildlife Refuges Database. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Refuge System.

Threatened birds of the world: The official source for birds on the IUCN Red List. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International. 852p.
Sci Ref QL676.7.T58 2000

Type specimens of birds in The Natural History Museum (formerly British Museum (Natural History).
Browse or search by non-Passerines or Passerines.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird Management. Publications and Reports.

United States National Museum of Natural History birds collection search. Search by scientific name and limit by date, country, and collector.

Visual resources for ornithology (VIREO). The Academy of Natural Sciences.
Search over 40,000 bird photographs by common or scientific name and limit by age, sex, activity/behavior, orientation and view.  (Note - read "Terms and Conditions of Use")

Wells, M.G. 1998. World bird species checklist : with alternative English and scientific names. Bushey: Worldlist. 671p. 
Sci Ref QL677 .W444 1998

Associations and Societies

American Ornithologists' Union
Association of Field Ornithologists
Cooper Ornithological Society
The North American Banding Council (NABC)
Ornithological Societies of North America
Pacific Seabird Group
Raptor Research Foundation
Society of Canadian Ornithologists
The Waterbird Society
Wilson Ornithological Society


Atlas of breeding birds in Maine, 1978-1983. 1987. Augusta, ME: Maine Dept. of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. 366p. 
ORO Special Collections St.Docs. I 54.10:B53/987?

The Atlas of breeding birds in New Hampshire. 1994. Dover, NH: Published for the Audubon Society of New Hampshire by Arcadia. 414p. Sci Ref QL684.N4 A85 1994.

The Atlas of breeding birds of Vermont. 1985. Hanover: Published for the Vermont Institute of Natural Science by University Press of New England. 456p. 
Sci Ref QL684.V5 A86 1985 

Erskine, A.J. 1992. Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime Provinces. [Halifax? Nova Scotia]: Nimbus Pub.: Nova Scotia Museum. 270p.
Sci Ref QL685.5.M37 E77 1992 

The Feather Atlas - Flight Feathers of North American Birds. National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory.

Price, J., Droege, S., and Price, A. 1995. The summer atlas of North American birds. London; San Diego: Academic Press. 364p. 
Sci Ref QL681 .P74 1995 

Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E., Fallon, J.E., Pardieck, D.J., Ziolkowski, D.J. Jr., and Link, W.A.  2011. North American Breeding Bird Survey - results and analysis, 1966-2011. Version 12.13.2011.  Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD

Virtual Libraries

All about birds. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Bird Links to the World. Maintained by Denis Lepage


BIRDNET - The ornithological information source. From the Ornithological Council

Electronic Resources on Ornithology. Maintained by Christopher Majka

Links to other birdsong and birding sites. Maintained by Tony Phillips, Math Dept. SUNY Stony Brook

Return to the guides listing

Created by: Jim Bird  | Revised: 06/20/2014
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University of Maine
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