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Special Collections: Guide to the Chandler Family Papers

Arranged and described by Brenda Howitson Steeves

Raymond H. Fogler Library Special Collections Department

November 2003

Introduction and Summary Information

Collection Title: Chandler Family Papers.

Dates of the Collection: 1750-1956 (inclusive); 1795-1886 (bulk).

Provenance: The Chandler Family Papers were acquired from Donald C. Chandler, New Gloucester, Maine, in 1966.

Collection Number: MS 94.

Box Numbers: 1-7 (formerly Boxes 40-46).

Size and Arrangement: The collection consists of six archival record cartons and one document box of material (6 cubic feet) + 1 linear foot of ledgers.

Conservation Note: The collection has been re-housed in acid-free folders and boxes.

Preferred Citation: Chandler Family Papers, SpecialCollections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine.

Restrictions on Access and Use: Kept at Fogler Library's offsite storage facility. One week's notice required for retrieval.

Biography

The collection contains the personal and business papers of several generations of the Chandler family of New Gloucester, Maine. It centers primarily on materials of Peleg, Philip, Solomon Hewett (both elder and younger), Charles Parsons, Charles Peleg, and Andrew Campbell Chandler, as well as business records of Bearce & Chandler, a grocery business of Dexter Bearce and Solomon Chandler.

Peleg Chandler was born in 1735 in Duxbury, Massachusetts and later moved with other family members to North Yarmouth, Maine, and then to New Gloucester where he became a blacksmith. Active in town affairs, he served for many years on the Committee of Safety, was one of the original members of the Orthodox Congregational Church in New Gloucester, and in 1784 was a representative to the Massachusetts General Court. He married Sarah Winslow in 1762 and had 11 children. Peleg Chandler died in 1819.

Philip Chandler, Peleg’s son, was born in 1767. He seems to have been involved in business with his father and also served as a coroner. He married Deborah Hewett in 1790 and died in 1823. Solomon Hewett Chandler (1790-1858), whose papers make up a large part of the collection, was Philip Chandler’s oldest son. In partnership with Dexter Bearce (1781-1838), his uncle by marriage, he started a grocery and general store in New Gloucester around 1815. He also seems to have been involved in the lumbering business and in a carding mill. He became known as New Gloucester’s wealthiest citizen. He married Sarah Campbell in 1825 and had two sons, Solomon Hewett and Andrew Campbell Chandler.

Charles Parsons Chandler (1801-1857) was the son of Peleg Chandler, Jr. and his wife Sarah and the grandson of the older Peleg Chandler. Charles Parsons Chandler graduated from Bowdoin College in 1822 and received an A.M. in 1827. He read law in his father’s office and later practiced law in Foxcroft, Maine. He also served as preceptor at the Foxcroft Academy and was in the Maine Senate from 1854 to 1857.

Charles Peleg Chandler (1835-1862), the son of Charles Parsons Chandler, graduated from Bowdoin in 1854 and from Harvard Law School in 1857. He then worked in the law office of Massachusetts governor John Andrew until 1861 when he enlisted as a major in the 1st Massachusetts Infantry. He was killed at Malvern Hill, Virginia, in 1862.

Solomon Hewett Chandler (1828-1903) was the son of Solomon Hewett and Sarah Chandler. He was involved in lumbering operations in the Letter E Plantation near Madrid, Maine, and also in farming. His brother, Andrew Campbell Chandler (1830-1894), was also involved in farming in New Gloucester. He served in the Maine House of Representatives in 1869.

Scope and Content Note

The Chandler family papers consist of business and personal papers of several generations of the family as well as materials concerning the town of New Gloucester, Maine. They reflect the involvement of the family in farming, a general store and grocery, and the lumber industry. Materials documenting the family’s activities in civic and religious organizations are also included.

The papers are arranged in two series: Family Papers and Material about New Gloucester. The Family Papers series has several sub-series. The collection was re-foldered sometime after arriving at the Fogler Library; many of the folder labels assigned then have been used in this finding aid.

The Family Papers series is arranged chronologically with each individual family member’s papers as a sub-series. The records of Bearce & Chandler are also a sub-series in this series. Within each sub-series, if present, the materials include correspondence and other personal material, followed by legal, financial, and purchasing records. Legal records typically include deeds, notes, documents from various estates for which the Chandlers served as administrators, and tax documents. Financial records include statements of accounts, assets and liabilities, ledgers, journals, cashbooks, daybooks, and bills or accounts payable and receivable. Purchasing records include bills, receipts, and orders. This series ends with a sub-series of papers of various family members each too small to be considered a separate sub-series, as well as materials not belonging to any specific family member.

The New Gloucester series contains various documents from citizens of the town as well as a small group of materials about the militia, schools, churches, and various organizations in the town.

The series outline and description which follows lists the major types of papers found in each sub-series.

Series Outline and Description

Series I: Family Papers

Sub-series 1: Papers of Peleg Chandler (1735-1819)

Papers include photocopies of personal correspondence, 1791-1794; deeds of properties owned by Peleg Chandler, 1762-1811; records concerning the meetinghouse in New Gloucester; and a copy of Peleg Chandler’s will, 1815.

Sub-series 2: Papers of Philip Chandler (1767-1823)

Papers include correspondence, 1803, 1821-1822; legal documents, 1795-1819; deeds, 1796-1824; and materials about the estate of Peleg Chandler, 1819-1823. Also included are daybooks, account books and memorandum books, 1794-1816, some from the P. & P. Chandler Company.

Sub-series 3: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1790-1858)

One of the largest sub-series in the collection, materials include lesson books, 1806-1809; incoming correspondence, 1814-1857; and documents about the estate of Philip Chandler, 1823. This sub-series also contains account books, 1818-1859; bills, 1824-1853; and receipts, 1823-1857. Although the bills and receipts are addressed to S.H. Chandler personally, they are for groceries, dry-goods, equipment, hardware, etc., and are probably from his partnership in Bearce & Chandler. The bills are mostly from firms in Portland, Maine and in Boston. This sub-series ends with records documenting Chandler’s involvement in the lumber business.

Sub-series 4: Papers of Dexter Bearce (1781-1838)

This small sub-series includes personal correspondence, 1810, 1815 and 1824, as well as an account book, 1811.

Sub-series 5: Records of Bearce & Chandler

This large sub-series begins with legal and financial records about the establishment of the partnership between Dexter Bearce and S.H. Chandler. It is followed by detailed accounts of goods on hand and amounts of money due to the store, 1817-1834, plus daybooks, cashbooks, journals and ledgers, 1814-1864. Bills to the store, 1807-1825, for goods and equipment sold are also included.

Sub-series 6: Papers of Charles Parsons Chandler (1801-1857)

Included are photocopies of incoming personal correspondence, a catalogue of Foxcroft Academy and a document, 1833, appointing Chandler a justice of the peace.

Sub-series 7: Papers of Charles Peleg Chandler (1835-1862)

This small sub-series includes materials about Chandler’s attendance at Bowdoin, 1851-1854, and an undated lesson book.

Sub-series 8: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1828-1903)

Included is incoming correspondence, 1869-1885, as well as correspondence concerning lumbering in the Letter E Plantation, 1885; notes on agriculture and crops; financial information, 1862-1871; a daybook from Letter E Plantation, 1884-1886; and bills, 1884-1886.

Sub-series 9: Papers of Andrew Campbell Chandler (1830-1894)

This sub-series contains correspondence, 1853-1892, insurance and tax documents, agricultural information, ledgers, and bills and receipts. The correspondence reflects Andrew Chandler’s work in agriculture and his interest in religion; it includes a letter, 1874, from Joshua Chamberlain, writing about the need to keep Bowdoin an evangelical Christian college. It also contains some material from S.H. and A.C. Chandler’s business activities together.

Sub-series 10: Papers of other Chandler family members

This sub-series contains material from early Chandler family members as well as genealogical material, advertisements for agricultural and lumbering equipment and supplies, and various unidentified journals and memo books.

Series II: Material about New Gloucester

This series begins with account books, diaries and other documents of various individuals not related to the Chandler family; these are listed alphabetically by the names of their creators. A small group of records about the town of New Gloucester and its activities closes the series.

Box List

Please note: All items without a folder number and designated as Ledger are kept in the wall storage area.

Series I: Family papers

Sub-series 1: Papers of Peleg Chandler (1735-1819)

Box 1

Folder

1                      Correspondence, personal, 1791-1794 [Photocopies]

2                      Deeds, 1762-1782, 1786, 1789

3                      Deeds, 1784-1792

4                      Deeds, 1795-1807, 1811

5                      Receipts, 1793-1818; undated

6                      Papers re meeting house, 1791, 1798; undated

7                      Documents re estate of Joseph Philips, 1799 [Peleg Chandler,administrator]

8                      Will of Peleg Chandler, 1815

Sub-series 2: Papers of Philip Chandler (1767-1823)

9                      Correspondence, 1803, 1821-1822

10                    Appointment as coroner, 1795, 1821

11                    Legal documents, 1795-1819

12                    Deeds, 1796-1824

13                    Materials re estate of Peleg Chandler, 1819-1823

14                    Papers re estate of Mercy Hatch, 1821-1822

15                    Bills, receipts, etc., 1809-1825

16                    Journal [of work done], 1786-1794

17                    Daybook, 1794

18                    Daybook, 1797-1798

19                    Miscellaneous daybooks and account books, 1799-1816; undated

20                    Account book, 1775-1798

21                    Account of sales cashbook began September 30th, 1796, P. and P. Chandler’s Co.

22                    Account book, 1796-1797

23                    [Account book], Nov. 26, 1798, P. & P. Chandler Co.

24                    Memorandum books, 1810, 1820, 1823

Sub-series 3: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1790-1858)

Box 1 cont.

Folder

25                    Lesson books, 1806-1807; undated

26                    Lesson book, 1809

27                    Lesson book, undated

28                    Correspondence, incoming, 1814-1857; undated

29                    Insurance documents, 1830, 1844, 1852-1856

30                    Legal documents, 1826-1854; undated

31                    Notes, 1823-1855; undated

32                    Documents re estate of Philip Chandler, 1823

33                    Documents re estate of Isaac Haskell, 1831-1833 [Solomon Chandler, administrator]

34                    Documents re Haskell estate, 1831-1834

35                    Haskell estate and others

36                    Memo books

37                    Account books

38                    Accounts, 1818-1830

39                    Account book, 1825

40                    Account books, 1825-1829

41                    Account book, 1832

42                    Account book, 1846-1850

43                    Account book, 1858-1859

44                    Cash, memo and freight books, 1850’s

45                    Ledger, 1852-1853

Box 2

1                      Miscellaneous financial information, 1836-1854

2                      Miscellaneous financial information

3                      Bill book, 20th May 1820-[1822]

4                      Bill books, 1825-1835

5                      Bills, 1824-1825

6                      Bills, 1825-1826

7                      Bills, 1825-1826

8                      Bills, 1825-1826

9                      Bills, 1826-1827

10                    Bills, 1826-1827

11                    Bills, 1828-1829

12                    Bills, 1830-1831

Sub-series 3: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1790-1858) cont.

Box 2 cont.

Folder

13                    Bills, 1831-1833

14                    Bills, etc., of proprietors of Lane’s threshing machine, 1834-1836

15                    Bills, 1834-1837

16                    Bills, 1841-1845

17                    Bills, 1846-1848

18                    Bills, 1849

19                    Bills, 1849

20                    Bills, 1849

21                    Bills, 1849

22                    Bills, 1849

23                    Bills for wool, 1849-1853

24                    Bills, 1850

25                    Bills, 1850, Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad Corp.

26                    Bills, 1850, Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad Corp.

27                    Bills, 1850-1851

28                    Bills, 1851

29                    Bills, 1851

30                    Bills, 1851

31                    Bills, 1851

32                    Bills, 1851

Box 3

1                      Bills, 1851

2                      Survey bills, 1851-1853

3                      Bills, 1851-1852

4                      Bills, 1851-1852

5                      Bills, 1852

6                      Bills, 1852

7                      Bills, 1852

8                      Bills, 1852

9                      Bills, 1852

10                    Bills, 1852

11                    Bills, 1852

12                    Bills, 1852

13                    Bills, 1852

14                    Bills, J.W. Pottle Co., 1852

15                    Bills, 1853

Sub-series 3: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1790-1858) cont.

Box 3 cont.

Folder

16                    Bills, 1853

17                    Bills, 1853

18                    Bills, 1853

19                    Bills, 1853

20                    Bills, 1853

21                    Account of W.B. Lovejoy, 1853-1854

22                    Bills, 1854-1859

23                    Pass books, price books, 1851-1853

24                    Orders, 1852

25                    Receipts, 1823-1833

26                    Receipts, 1834-1836

27                    Receipts, 1836-1839

28                    Receipts, 1840-1857; undated

29                    [Record of cut lumber & prices], 1833-1835

30                    Memo book of lumber surveyed, 1851

31                    Solomon H. Chandler and Joseph Clifford: Carding book for 1850

32                    Engraving of Solomon H. Chandler

Sub-series 4: Papers of Dexter Bearce (1781-1838)

33                    Personal correspondence, etc., 1810, 1815, 1824

34                    Account book, 1811

Sub-series 5: Records of Bearce & Chandler

35                    Legal and financial records, 1808-1820

36                    Account of...stock D. Bearce turned into company with S.H. Chandler, May 3, 1815

37                    Account of money taken by Bearce & Chandler, 1815 May 3-[1818]

38                    Account of money carried from home to Boston for Bearce & Chandler, 1819

39                    Cash carried to Portland for Bearce & Chandler, 1826

40                    Account of money paid out and to whom it is paid, 1819-1821

41                    Ac’t. of money pd. out, 1821-1825

42                    Notes issued & paid, 1818-1822

43                    Notes issued & paid, 1818-1819

44                    Account book, 1804

45                    Account of goods on hand, 1817; account of notes due...1817

46                    Goods on hand, 1818; amounts due, 1817-1819

Sub-series 5: Records of Bearce & Chandler cont.

Box 3 cont.

Folder

47                    Goods on hand, 1819; amounts due, 1819

48                    Amount of stock on hand, 1820-1824

49                    Goods on hand, 1820; amounts due, 1820

Box 4

1                      Account book: Goods on hand, 1821

2                      Amounts due, 1821

3                      Amount of notes belonging to Bearce & Chandler, 1821-1823

4                      Goods on hand, 1822; amounts due, 1822

5                      Amount of goods on hand, 1823

6                      Amount of what is due on account & who from, 1823; amount of what B & Chandler owe, 1823

7                      Amounts due [on notes], 1823

8                      Goods on hand, 1824; amounts due, 1824

9                      Amounts due, 1825; journal, 1825

10                    Amounts due, 1826

11                    List of store notes & amounts due, 1834

Ledger             [Daybook] no. 2, Dec. 1815-June 1816

Ledger             [Daybook] no. 3, June-Dec. 1816

Ledger             [Daybook] no. 5, June 1817-Jan. 1818

12                    Daybook, 1825-1826

Ledger             [Daybook], no. 18, Feb.-Aug. 1833

Ledger             [Daybook], no. 19, Aug. 1833-Dec. 1834

Ledger             Daybook, July 1835-Aug. 1836

13                    Cash book no. 6, 1821-1823 + index

14                    Cash book no. 7, 1823-1824 + index

15                    Cash book, 1823-1833

Ledger             Cash book, Feb.-Oct. 1852

16                    Journals, 1814-1820

17                    Journals, 1817-1820

18                    Ledger, 1804-1808

Ledger             Ledger, 1817-1820

19                    Index to ledger, 1817-1820

Ledger             Ledger, 1824

20                    Index to ledger, 1824

Ledger             Ledger, 1825-1839

Sub-series 5: Records of Bearce & Chandler cont.

Box 4 cont.

Folder

21                    Index to ledger, 1825-1839

Ledger             Ledger, 1827-1831

22                    Index to ledger, 1827-1831

23                    Ledger, 1832-1834

Ledger             Ledger, 1835-1862

24                    Index to ledger, 1835-1862

Ledger             Ledger, 1849-1851

25                    Index to ledger, 1849-1851

Ledger             Ledger, 1861-1864

26                    Index to ledger, 1861-1864

27                    [Index] no. 1, undated

28                    Bills, 1807

29                    Bills, 1807

30                    Bills, 1810-1811

31                    Bills, 1811

32                    Bills, 1812

33                    Bills, 1812

34                    Bills, 1816-1819

35                    Bills, 1821-1822

36                    Bills, 1822

37                    Bills, 1822

38                    Bills, 1823

39                    Bills, 1823

40                    Bills, 1823

Box 5

1                      Bills, 1823

2                      Bill book, 1824

3                      Bills, 1825

4                      Orders, 1819

5                      Poem re Bearce & Chandler

Sub-series 6: Papers of Charles Parsons Chandler (1801-1857)

6                      Correspondence, personal, incoming [all photocopies]

7                      Correspondence, incoming, 1825

8                      Catalogue...of Foxcroft Academy, 1832

9                      Appointment as justice of the peace, 1833

Sub-series 7: Papers of Charles Peleg Chandler (1835-1862)

Box 5 cont.

Folder

10                    Materials re attendance at Bowdoin College, 1851-1854

11                    Lesson book: trial balances, undated

Sub-series 8: Papers of Solomon Hewett Chandler (1828-1903)

12                    Correspondence, etc., 1869, 1872-1879

13                    Correspondence, incoming, 1881, 1884-1885, 1887

14                    Correspondence, incoming, 1885

15                    Correspondence re Letter E Plantation, 1885

16                    Correspondence re Letter E Plantation, 1885

17                    Correspondence, 1899

18                    Miscellaneous personal material

19                    Notes on agriculture and crops, undated

20                    Newspaper clippings on agriculture, undated

21                    Accounts: Solomon H. & A.C. Chandler as administrators of the estate of S.H. Chandler, 1858-1870

22                    Documents re trust fund of Solomon H. Campbell, 1878-1882

23                    Financial information, 1862-1871

24                    Notebook listing bonds, 1860’s-1870’s

25                    Notes, Jan. 1877

26                    Daybook, Letter E Plantation, 1884-1886

27                    Memorandum and cashbook, 1869

28                    Bills, 1884-1885

29                    Bills, 1885-1886

Sub-series 9: Papers of Andrew Campbell Chandler (1830-1894)

30                    Correspondence, 1853-1854

31                    Correspondence, 1862-1871

32                    Correspondence, 1872-1874

33                    Correspondence, 1875-1878

Box 6

1                      Correspondence, 1879-1887

2                      Correspondence, 1888-1892; undated

3                      Insurance policies, 1889-1894

4                      Tax documents, 1863-1868

Sub-series 9: Papers of Andrew Campbell Chandler (1830-1894) cont.

Box 6 cont.

Folder

5                      Tax documents, 1869-1871

6                      Maine State Agricultural Society materials, 1876, 1878

7                      Agricultural information and orders

8                      Newspaper clippings, undated

9                      Photograph of Andrew Chandler, undated [Colpitts & Co. Photographic Studio, Portland, ME]

10                    Ledger: Book B, 1872-1881 + index

11                    Ledger: Book C, 1883 + index

12                    Bills, receipts, 1879-1886

13                    Bills, 1890-1892

14                    Correspondence, 1881-1885, of S.H. & A.C. Chandler

15                    Tax information, 1860’s, S.H. & A.C. Chandler

16                    Legal document, 1868, S.H. & A.C. Chandler

17                    Accounts, 1850’s, S.H. & A.C. Chandler

Sub-series 10: Papers of other Chandler family members

18                    Donald Chandler: Miscellaneous material, 1956; undated

19                    Ebenezer Chandler: Deeds, 1750

20                    George W. Chandler: Wallet and contents, 1870-1872

21                    Peleg Chandler (1773-1847): Documents re Cumberland Lodge, New Gloucester, 1808

22                    Peleg Whitman Chandler (1816-1889): Correspondence, 1830 [Photocopies]

23                    Samuel Fessenden: Correspondence, 1820, 1825

24                    Mary Chandler Lowell: Fifty years [essay about her life]

25                    Chandler genealogical material

26                    “Chandler-Parsons...and allied families,” 1911, by Mary Chandler Lowell

27                    Advertisements

28                    Advertisements

29                    Advertisements

30                    Advertisements for lumber and mill machinery, undated

31                    Miscellaneous booklets, 1830-1882

32                    Religious clippings and pamphlets, 1883-1884

33                    Miscellaneous notes

34                    Family postcards, early 1900’s

35                    Unidentified cash book, 1823-1827

36                    Financial accounts, 1837-1850’s

Sub-series 10: Papers of other Chandler family members cont.

Box 6 cont.

Folder

37                    Daily journal, 1868 [unidentified]

38                    Unidentified memo books, undated

39                    Unidentified index

40                    Miscellaneous unidentified material

Series II: Material about New Gloucester

Box 7

1                      Andrew Campbell: Military commission, 1808

2                      Uriah Coffin: Account book, 1802-1804

3                      Jeremiah Day: Diary and account book, 1779-1789

4                      John Eveleth’s book, 1802

5                      Stephen Haskell’s book, 1808

Ledger             Gilman P. Hodgon: Account book, 1835-1873

6                      Jackson family documents, 1796-1822

7                      Laban Presho: Arithmetic notes, 1806, 1809

8                      Sampson Presho: Account book, 1804-1808

9                      Sampson Presho: Accounts, 1804-1807

10                    William Small: Upper Gloucester carding book, 1845

11                    E. Whitman: Orders, 1804

12                    New Gloucester militia documents, 1803-1805

13                    Record of meetings of school district, 1808-1819

14                    Parish valuation books, 1858-1859

15                    Town and school documents, undated

16                    New Gloucester Temperance Association by-laws, undated

17                    Account of newspapers and periodicals received at the post office, 1851

Finding Aids for selected manuscript collections in the Special Collections Department at Fogler Library are accessible online in URSUS, in a browsable Guide to Manuscript Collections. Please contact Special Collections at spc@umit.maine.edu or (207) 581-1686 for further information.

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Special Collections Staff: spc@umit.maine.edu | Revised: 01/10/2014
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